"A race of people is like an individual man; until it uses its own talent, takes pride in its own history, expresses its own culture, affirms its own selfhood, it can never fulfill itself." --Malcolm X
Mae C. Jemison First African American woman in space (and possibly distantly related to me!)
Martin Luther King, Jr. One of the most visible advocates for non-violence during the Civil Rights Movement
Thurgood Marshall First African American appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court
Oscar Micheaux First African-American filmmaker, sometimes called the "Cecil DeMille of Race Movies"
Judy W. Reed was the first African-American woman to receive a patent in 1884 for a hand-operated machine used to knead and roll dough.
Sojourner Truth Campaigned for the abolition of slavery, against capital punishment, and in favor of women's rights
Harriet Tubman Freed herself from slavery, then spent her life working to free others through the Underground Railroad
Madame C.J. Walker Inventor, businesswoman, and self-made millionaire before 1920
Booker T. Washington Educator, head of Tuskegee Institute, champion of economic empowerment for Blacks through work and self-reliance
Malcolm X Powerful civil rights activist and spokesman for the Nation of Islam until his pilgrimage to Mecca in 1964